Herbs as Antidote for Snake Bite Treatment- Traditional Practices and Its Future Prospects- A Review


  • R. S. David Paul Raj Department of Biotechnology, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore – 641114, Tamil Nadu
  • Alina Ann Mathew Department of Biotechnology, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore – 641114, Tamil Nadu
  • T. Jesse Joel Department of Biotechnology, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore – 641114, Tamil Nadu
  • R. Beena Kanimozhi Department of Biotechnology, Karpagam Academy of Higher Education, Coimbatore – 641021, Tamil Nadu
  • H. Agnes Preethy Department of Biotechnology, SASTRA Deemed to be University, Tanjore – 613401, Tamil Nadu




Snakebite, Herbal Plants, Secondary Metabolite, Antidote, Herbs, Snake venom


Snake bite is a life-threatening neglected tropical infection reporting high mortality across the world including India. Out of the available yearly statistics of this occupational hazard caused 4.5-5.4 million people and nearly 1,38,000 fatalities were reported globally. Several factors such as the low availability of antivenom, inadequate health centres in rural areas, poor transportation facilities affected the higher number of morbidity and mortality cases of snake bite. The prognostic and diagnostic approach towards the snake bite infection is difficult due to its complexity in venom. The conventional therapy is polyvalent antivenom derived from horses or sheep, with its limitations. The traditional physicians use plants and other herbs as its sustainable remedy for snake bite treatment. Nearly, 523 plant species from 122 families reported their neutralizing property against toxic venom. The secondary metabolites extracted from plants, are capable of reducing the toxic effects of the venom. Many research works has been reported the inhibitory potential of the plant compounds against the snake venom enzymes. Therefore, there is a necessity for increasing therapeutic studies on plant metabolites and the development of an antidote for the better treatment of snakebite. This review article discusses various herbal plant used for snake bite in India.


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How to Cite

David Paul Raj, R. S., Ann Mathew, A., Jesse Joel, T., Beena Kanimozhi, R., & Agnes Preethy, H. (2022). Herbs as Antidote for Snake Bite Treatment- Traditional Practices and Its Future Prospects- A Review. Journal of Natural Remedies, 22(3), 269–290. https://doi.org/10.18311/jnr/2022/28405



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