Oral Health Information in the Science, Tamil, and English Samacheer Textbooks of Upper Primary and Secondary Schools in Tamilnadu – A Content Analysis


Affiliations

  • Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Chennai, 600119, India
  • Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, 600119, India

Abstract

Background: Health education through school textbooks is effective in promoting knowledge, reforming, and improving health related behaviors among children. The study evaluated the amount of oral health information, readability and quality of contents in upper primary and secondary school samacheer textbooks, Tamilnadu.
Methods: Content analysis for the text books of 6 to 10th standard tamil medium samacheer syllabus were analysed by three examiners on the major health topics covered under Science, English and Tamil subjects. The contents were also assessed for the simplicity of the language using Flesch- Readability Ease (RE) Index.
Results: The results showed that the amount of oral health information given in the Science textbook was more than English and Tamil. In science, more amount of contents were found in the 9th standard textbooks, under the topic Tobacco and Oral diseases than others. The information was accurate (100%) mostly in the form of text (60.8%); they were very hard to understand (RE Score=14.03).
Conclusions: The potential of secondary school textbooks in delivering oral health messages is very little in samacheer school textbooks. Considering the critical importance of school students' age into account, incorporating health information in textbooks should be more strongly emphasized.

Keywords

Oral health, School, Textbooks, Health education

Subject Discipline

Dentistry

Full Text:

References

Dhar V, Bhatnagar M. Dental caries and treatment needs of children (6–10 years) in rural Udaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Dent Res. 2009;20:256–260.

Adhikari RB, Karmacharya A, Malla N, Gurung MB. Prevalence of gingivitis and periodontitis amongst school children: a cross sectional study. Am J Public Health Res. 2015;3:80–82.

Kwan SY, Petersen PE, Pine C, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83:677–685.

Hokkanen S, Kosonen AL. Do Finnish home economics and health education textbooks promote constructivist learning in nutrition education? Int J Consum Stud. 2013;37:279–285.

Geetha Priya PR, Asokan S, Kandaswamy D, Malliga S, Arthi G. Health camps in schools and content analysis of the school textbooks: a cross-sectional study in Tamil Nadu. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2016;34:223–226.

Eccles JS, Wigfield A, Schiefele U. Motivation to succeed. In: Damon W, Eisenberg N, eds. Handbook of Child Psychology. New York: Wiley; 1998:1017–1095.

Kazemain R, Ghasemi H, Movahhed T, Kazemain A. Health education in primary school textbooks in Iran in school year 2010–2011. J Dent (Tehran). 2014;11:536–544.

World Health Organization. Healthy Nutrition: An Essential Element of a Health-promoting School – WHO Information Series :o1n9 .School Health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1998

Marino N, Daisuke N, Tetsuya M, Jun K, Masamine J. Content analysis of school textbooks on health topics: a systematic review. Biosci Trends. 2011;5:61–68.

D'Onofrio CN, Singer R. Unplanned nutrition education in the schools: sugar in elementary reading texts. J Sch Health. 1983;53:521–526.

Saito J, Nonaka D, Mizoue T, et al. Limited potential of school textbooks to prevent tobacco use among students grade 1-9 across multiple developing countries: a content analysis study. BMJ Open. 2013;3:.

Chadda R, Sengupta S. Tobacco use by Indian adolescents. Tob Induc Dis. 2003;1:111–119.

World Health Organization. Oral Health Promotion Through Schools – WHO Information Series on School Health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003:41.

Kim JS, Choi EM, Han GS. Oral health educational contents in primary, middle, and high school textbooks. J Korean Acad Oral Health. 2014;38:59–67.

Priya M, Devdas K, Amarlal D, Venkatachalapathy A. Oral health attitudes, knowledge and practice among school children in Chennai, India. J Educ Ethics Dent. 2013;3:26–33.

Carney RN, Levin JR. Pictorial illustrations still improve students' learning from text. Educ Psychol Rev. 2002;14:5–26.

Balarubini M, Karthikeyan C. Content analysis of news published about TNAU in English and Tamil dailies. Int J Exten Educ. 2014;10:88–92.

Handayani S. The readability of science: student's book for junior high school year viii viewed from the lexis and grammatical aspects – a content analysis of science lesson of junior high schools of surakarta. Int J Linguist. 2014;6:12–25.

World Health Organization. Tobacco Use Prevention: An Important Entry Point for Development of Health Promoting Schools – WHO Information Series on School Health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1998:21.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.