Prevalence and Risk of Osteoporosis and Cardiovascular Disease in Rajasthani Post Menopausal Women


  • Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan - 313 001
  • Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan - 313 001



Osteoporosis, CVD, Post Menopause, Risk Factors, OSTA, CVD Risk Assessment Tool.


Osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are a major growing public health problem with impact that crosses medical, social and economic lines. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk of osteoporosis and CVD in post menopausal women. A cross sectional study was conducted on 322 post menopausal women aged 45-55 years residing in Udaipur city, Rajasthan. Risk of osteoporosis in subjects was assessed using Osteoporosis Self Assessment Tool for Asian (OSTA) and risk of CVD was determined using CVD risk assessment tool. The body weight and age of subjects were calculated for the OSTA index sore. Total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, diastolic blood pressure and smoking habits of subjects were assessed for CVD risk score. Results of OSTA assessment revealed that 24.22 % respondents were at medium risk of osteoporosis whereas results of CVD assessment showed that a large number of subjects i.e. 82.91 % were at medium risk of CVD. Combining both the assessment scores of subjects, 23.91 % post menopausal women were found at medium risk of both osteoporosis and CVD. Study showed a lower prevalence of osteoporosis having medium risk and higher prevalence of CVD having moderate risk in post menopausal women. The findings suggest that more studies should be done on these at risk population for preventive and therapeutic interventions.


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How to Cite

Husain, S., & Bhatnagar, V. (2016). Prevalence and Risk of Osteoporosis and Cardiovascular Disease in Rajasthani Post Menopausal Women. The Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics, 53(2), 219–227.