Beauveria bassiana as an effective IPM component against cotton stem weevil Pempherulus affinis Faust


Affiliations

  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Department of Agricultural Entomology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 641 003, India
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Department of Agricultural Entomology, Coimbatore –, Tamil Nadu, 641 003, India

Abstract

The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in reduction of cotton stem weevil in ecofriendly manner attaining importance in recent days. IPM is not only environmentally safe, but also cost effective. In this study, three treatments including IPM module 1, IPM module 2 and farmers’ practice were imposed against cotton stem weevil in a field trial. Among the three treatments, IPM module 2 which included basal application of FYM 25 t/ha and 250 kg/ha of neem cake, seed treatment with Beauveria bassania @10g/kg of seed, border crop with Hibiscus cannabinus, soil drenching with Imidacloprid 17.80 SL @ 25 g a.i./ha (125 ml/ha) at 15 DAS and placement of cotton stem bits (25 kg/500box/ha) + Hibiscus cannabinus stem bits (25 kg/500box/ha) + Chlorpyriphos dust 1.5 DP (2.5 kg/500box/ha) @ 30 DAS followed by earthing up @ 30 DAS recorded least stem weevil infestation of 13.21% with a yield of 1642.75 kg/ha. It was followed by IPM module 1 (21.78%) and farmers’ practice (33.56%) with yield of 1456.25 kg/ha and 1588.25 kg/ha, respectively. The mean survival of plants was also higher in IPM module 2 (94.28%) followed by farmers’ practice (88.57%) and IPM module 1 (80.00%).


Keywords

Cotton stem weevil, farmers’ practice, IPM modules, per cent damage, plant survival

Full Text:

References

Anandhi P, Galice LJC and Elamathi S. 2020. Development of integrated pest management strategies for cotton stem weevil, Pempherulus affinis (Faust). J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 8(3):1239–1244.

Dharajothi B, Nagarajan T and Karthikeyan A. 2011. Cotton stem weevil and its management. Madras Agric. J. 98(10–12):308–313.

Gomez KA and Gomez AA. 1976. Statistical procedure for agricultural research with emphasis on rice. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines; pp. 20–30.

Krishnamoorthy SV, Subramanian S, Ramalingam A and Sivasamy N. 2003. An IPM system for summer irrigated cotton in South India. World Cotton Research Conference 3. Cotton Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Srivilliputhur; pp. 1018–1024.

Juliet A, Thomas D, Daniel C and Samuel K. 2008. Endophytic Beauveria bassania in banana (Musa spp.) reduces banana weevil (Cosmopolites sordidus) fitness and damage. Crop Prot. 27(11):1437–1441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2008.07.003

Mohan S, Kumar PP, Sivakumar M, Rajendran L and Samiyappan R. 2009. Influence of an entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria bassania, as a biopesticide in the management of stem weevil infestation in cotton. Pestology. 3:29–31.

Monir MEH. (2019). Efficacy of the fungus Beauveria bassiana on the red palm weevil larvae and adults under laboratory conditions. Egypt. J. Biol. Pest. Control. 29:58–62. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41938-019-0155-3

Murugesan N, Balakrishnan N, Vimala R, Shanmugavalli N and Ramalingam A. 2010. Impact of time of sowing and in situ drying of cotton stalks and on the management of cotton stem weevil, Pempherulus affinis Faust. J. Biopestic. 3(2):420–422.

Parameswaran S and Chelliah S. 1984. Damage potential and control of cotton stem weevil Pempherulus affinis. Trop. Pest Manag. 30(2):121–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670878409370863

Raheeja AK. 1995. Practice of IPM in South and South East Asia. Integrated pest management in Tropics, Current status and future prospect. John Wiley and Sons, New York; pp. 171.

Ratnakumari B. 2003. Biology of cotton stem weevil, Pempherulus affinis Faust. M.Sc. Thesis, Tamil Nadu

Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India; pp. 80.

Snedecor GW and Cochran WG. 1967. Statistical methods. Lowa University Press, Newyork; pp. 593.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.