Evaluation of some Bioagents against Mustard Aphid (Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach)) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Single Plant in Field Condition


Affiliations

  • National Research Center on Rapeseed-Mustard, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, 321303, India
  • Gujarat Beej Company, Baroda, Gujarat, 390 001, India

Abstract

Four bioagents, viz., Coccinella septempunctata L., Menochilus sexmaculatus (F.), Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) and Verticillium lecanii (Zimmerman), were evaluated against mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach), on single plants covered with muslin cloth in the field at National Research Centre on Rapeseed-Mustard, Sewar, Bharatpur (Rajasthan) during 2005-06 and 2006-07. C. septempunctata @ two adults/plant was found to be the most effective, reducing 96.19% of the aphid population in 10 days followed by C. septempunctata @ two larvae per plant (93.42%), V. lecanii @ 108 spores-ml (84.90%), M. sexmaculatus @ two adults (84.62%) and C. carnea @ four larvae-plant (82.98%). C. septempunctata @ one adult per plant reduced the aphid population by 77.49% and M. sexmaculatus by 69.08%.

Keywords

Chrysoperla carnea, Coccinella septempunctata, Lipaphis erysimi, Menochilus sexmaculatus, Mustard Aphid, Verticillium lecanii.

Subject Discipline

Agriculture Sciences

Full Text:

References

Behera, M. K., Behera, R. and Patro, B. 1999. Biology and feeding potential of Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on the chrysanthemum aphid, Macrosiphoniella sanborni (Gillette). Journal of Biological Control, 13: 39-43.

Honek, A. 1985. Activity and predation of Coccinella septempunctata adult in the field. Zeitschrift fur angewandte Entomologie, 100: 399-409.

Purwar, J. P. and Sachan, G. C. 2004. Bioefficacy of entomopathogenic fungi against mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) on Brassica campestris. Journal of Aphidology, 18: 5-10.

Sharma, D. K., Varma, G. C. and Kishore, L. 1997. Feeding capacity of predators of mustard aphid,Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. Journal of Aphidology, 11: 171-174.

Singh, D. and Singh, H. 1993. Biology of ladybird beetle, Coccinella septempunctata Linn. Annals of Biology, 9: 250-253.

Singh, N. N., Latif, H. and Pandey, R. 2003. Preying capacity of Chrysoperla carnea (Steph.) on mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. Journal of Applied Zoological Research, 14: 57-58.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.