Interventional Strategies for Control of Anemia among Rural Young Women in Coimbatore

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Anaemia, cyanmethaemoglobin, nutrition education, food supplement, intervention, kitchen garden


Anaemia is the most common micro-nutrient deficiency disorder in the world. The prevalence of anaemia is higher in developing countries than in developed countries. Anaemia affects half a billion women of reproductive age worldwide. India had always been the country with the highest prevalence of anaemia and the home of the largest number of anaemic individuals in the world. A cross sectional community based study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of anaemia among 700 young women in the age group of 19-35 years hailing from different rural areas of Karamadai from Coimbatore district and to assess their iron nutriture. Data on anthropometric measurements, biochemical investigations and dietary details were recorded using a pre-designed, pre-tested proforma. Data were analyzed statistically using mean, standard deviation and ANOVA. Hemoglobin estimation (Cyanmet haemoglobin method) revealed that the prevalence of anaemia among rural women (N = 580) and it was reported that 84.83% of the rural young women were moderately anaemic and 14.83% were mild anaemic. A subsample of 85 moderate anaemic subjects were divided into Group 1 (Nutrition Education + Food supplement intervention), Group 2 (Nutrition Education+Kitchen garden intervention) and Group 3 (Nutrition Education intervention) and subjected to respective intervention for four months. Biochemical analysis revealed significant increase (p≤0.01) in haemoglobin level among the subjects in Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 after intervention further showing that the majority of rural women improved from moderate to mild level of anaemia and from mild level to normal level of hemoglobin after intervention. Therefore the intervention measures are more effective when they are integrated with other approaches namely better nutritional practices, fortification, dietary modification, infection control, public health measures and income generation programmes. Nutrition education must be made an integral part to all the strategies.


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How to Cite

Sujatha, K., & Kowsalya, S. (2018). Interventional Strategies for Control of Anemia among Rural Young Women in Coimbatore. The Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics, 55(3), 266–277.



Original Articles
Received 2018-05-07
Accepted 2018-07-04
Published 2018-07-05



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