Formulation of Kattuyanam Rice Cupcake and its Quality Assessment


Affiliations

  • S.D.N.B. Vaishnav College for Women, Department of Home Science - Nutrition, FSM and Dietetics, Chennai, India

Abstract

Cereal and pulse combination is considered as the staple food in the diet pattern, whereas refined or processed food consumption plays an important role in the occurrence of chronic lifestyle-related diseases. Cake is a sweet baked food made from refined flour and sugar, egg and fat. Consumers are gaining awareness about the importance of consuming healthy and wholesome foods. Hence, there is a felt need to develop plant-based, gluten-free and lactose-free cupcakes incorporating indigenous kattuyanam rice by completely replacing refined flour. Brown rice (Oryza sativa L.), also recognized as Kattuyanam rice is one of the traditional coloured rice variety which has immense nutrient potentials and improves human health. The present study was intended to formulate a plant-based cupcake that is rich in protein, fibre and calcium. The study also aimed at evaluating its nutritional composition, calculate its cost, and to assess the level of acceptability by subjecting to organoleptic evaluation. The plant-based cupcakes were formulated in three different ratios using each pulse variety and with kattuyanam rice. The two varied pulses used were horse gram dhal [A KHC (50:10), B KHC (40:20), C KHC (30:30)] and green gram dhal [D KGC (50:10), E KGC (40:20), F KGC (30:30)], the cakes were formulated and standardized without the addition of any artificial preservatives. Sensory evaluation of the cupcakes was carried out by a panel comprising of twenty members and the nine-point hedonic scale was used. The results of the sensory evaluation revealed that the kattuyanam rice cupcakes formulated in the ratio 30:30 [C KHC and F KGC] from both the variations had maximum overall acceptability score, these were subjected for further analysis. Results of the nutrient analysis revealed that the cupcakes were rich sources of protein, fibre and iron. The cupcakes were priced at twelve rupees per piece, making it economical. The formulated kattuyanam rice cupcake can be considered a viable solution for people with celiac, lactose intolerance patients, and the population adopting a vegan lifestyle.

Keywords

Kattuyanam Rice, Cupcake, Vegan, Gluten-Free, Novel Snacks.

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