Oral Health in India - Researchers’ Perspective Part III: Malocclusion and Dentofacial Deformities


  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Division of Orthodontics, Centre for Dental Education and Research, New Delhi, 110029, India
  • Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, Non Communicable Disease Division, 110029, India
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Pedodontics Division, Centre for Dental Education and Research, New Delhi, 110029, India
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Periodontics Division, Centre for Dental Education and Research, New Delhi, 110029, India


The research directions in oral heath in India have largely been deficient. The poor standard of research and its methodology is of grave concern. The applications of novel technologies and translating the newer researches for the benefit of community’s diagnosis, prevention and treatment needs, must be a priority in years to come. As a part of three paper series, the present paper brings forth the burden, current research and future research directions in the field of malocclusion and dentofacial anomalies in India. Malocclusion effects nearly 45% of adolescents, 1/3 of which require orthodontic care. Although technological advances in material sciences and advanced digital technology has refined the appliances much less attention has been paid on etiology and biological basis of orthodontics. The congenital birth defects of face and other denfofacial deformities also require a deeper understanding of etiology and most appropriate treatment protocol. This Manuscript summarizes current research and proposes future areas of research in this field.


Malocclusion, Cleft Lip and Palate, Stem Cells, Temporary Anchorage Devices

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